1. What is the difference between National Park and Biosphere Reserve?
The National Park is a category of Protected Natural Area owned and managed by the Peruvian government as part of national protected area system of Peru (Sistema Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas por el Estado en el Perú – SINANPE). Its objective is to protect and preserve intact ecosystems, which can hold a high biological diversity and relevant esthetical and landscape attractions, where indirect use activities can be done like: research, education, tourism and recreation.
The Biosphere Reserve is a UNESCO category. It is a representative ecological area with three self-complementary functions: i) support for education and scientific research, ii) conservation and iii) sustainable development. Nowadays, the Manu Biosphere Reserve is divided in a nuclear zone represented by the Manu National Park territory, a buffer zone and a transition zone.
2. Which are the camping sites and lodges conditions? Are there showers? What about toilets? How are we going to sleep?
Tourism sites are located in the zone of Tourist and Recreational use of Manu River sector. In these spaces, each concession holder has built adequate and comfortable camping sites and lodges with local materials. They offer services: dining room, toilets, showers and some short connecting trails between all the structures. All beds have covering mosquito nets to avoid bites when sleeping. The details of each lodge or camp vary – please consult your tour operator for details.
3. Where does the drinking water come from?
Your tour operator will provide safe drinking water. Some use bottled water is brought in from the nearest towns and other filter, boil and/or purify water from small creeks or the river to make it fit for human consumption. Consult your tour operator for more information.
4. Do I need to be in a good physical condition to travel?
It is not a requirement, but one should be able to walk a trail of several kilometres to fully enjoy what Manu has to offer.
5. Are there a lot of mosquitoes?
The amount will depend on the time of day, but as in any Amazon region, there will be mosquitoes. We suggest to wear repellent if needed and long-sleeved shirts and long trousers.
6. What kind of tropical diseases are there?
In Southern Peru there have been reported yellow fever, malaria and leishmaniasis, but so far no tourists who visited Manu have reported getting any tropical diseases. However, there is always a possibility, so we recommend following the instructions of your doctor.
7. Is the Manu Park open the whole year?
Yes, it is open the whole year. The best time to visit is from April to November during the dry season. The heavy rainy season is from February to March, when access by both road and air becomes more difficult and when trails in the forest can become flooded.
8. Will I see native people?
The native communities in the Park are not accessible for tourists. The chances of seeing nomadic people living in isolation is very low as the tourism zones are established to avoid areas they use, but in case you come across them, you should leave the area and avoid any contact with them and immediately report the incident to the Park staff.
9. Should I bring biodegradable shampoo and soap?
If possible, yes please. You will be helping protect the environment.
10. Is it cold in the Amazon region?
During the months of May and June, sometimes the temperature can drop sharply as cold fronts come north from southern South America, a phenomena known as Friaje. We recommend some warm clothing if you visit in this time of the year just in case.
11. Could I swim in the lakes and rivers?
For safety reasons, it is forbidden to swim in the rivers and lakes.
12. May I walk on my own in the paths?
No. For safety reasons, you should always follow your guide along marked paths.
13. Am I allowed to fish inside the Park?
It is strictly forbidden. Only the local native communities are allowed to fish and hunt in authorized areas inside the Park.
14. Climate and Weather in Manu National Park
The climatic conditions are highly variable PNM. The climate is generally rainy and precipitations vary with altitude. In the south (the highest) is recorded from 1,500 to 2,000 mm annually. In the middle sector increases from 3,000 to 3,500 mm. The highest record in the northwest reaches over 8,000 mm. In the dry season, from May to September, rainfall decreases and temperature decreases. The thermal regime is also highly variable, as the Amazon area is warm with an average temperature of 25.6 ° C, and the Andean region is cold with an average annual temperature of 8 ° C.
15. IS THERE MALARIA AND LEISMANIASIS IN MANU? WHICH VACCINATIONS DO I NEED?
Malaria: The Malaria risk in Manu is extremely low (less than 0.1 %). We recommend to bring insect repellent and protect yourself with long sleeves instead of taking heavy malaria prophylaxis (please check for the side effects of these medicaments!!) which are not very secure either. If you want you can bring a ´stand by´ medicine in case you get Malaria (which can be detected by blood analysis), but you can also get this medication here. In the south peruvian rainforest there is only the type of Malaria named Plasmodium vivax` which is completely curable.
Drink only bottled or boiled water.
Be careful with raw vegetables and fruits.
Avoid eating at food stalls on the street.
Altitude sickness (altitude sickness) can avoid resting the first day of his arrival in the mountains and consume light meals.
We recommend drinking "mate de coca".
If you are traveling to the mountains or the jungle make sure to wear insect repellent and waterproof.
If you are in the jungle never drink tap water.
Medical Network "Specialized in traveler's diseases"
Address Puputi Street 148 call free 080026685 24 hours 84 – 221213 – 225407
S.O.S Medical group: Address Lechugal address Street 405 phone: 84 – 254492
Pardo Clinic addresses Cultura Avenue 710 and Tupac Amaru Square 84 – 243367 annexed 121.
Multioral Tullumayo address Avenue 276 84 – 224332.
For more information about the Manu National Park, you can write to: firstname.lastname@example.org or call us at: 51 84 261640 / 51 84 225562